General Terms

ETL (Extract, Transform and Load)

Refers to a process in database usage and in data warehousing. It includes three stages: data extraction from homogeneous/heterogeneous data sources, its storage and transformation into the proper format or structure for the purposes of analysis, and data loading into the final target.


Stands for Feature Manipulation Engine. A platform that is an integrated collection of Spatial ETL. It is applied for the conversion of spatial data between geometric and digital formats. It is usually used with GIS, CAD and raster graphics software.


Integrated Circuit (IC) which contains mainly three parts: onfigurable logic block, input/output configuration, logic interconnection.


A universal software environment that provides particular functionality to facilitate development of software applications, products and solutions. It indicates what kind of programs can be built and how they would interrelate. It can also specify programming interfaces or tools.


A pricing model that typically applies to software or web services. It offers a free limited version of a product/service with basic features or a premium account with added features and functionality at an additional cost. It is a popular business model for startups.


A calendar for displaying events on a website. For initialization and other functions in this calendar, it is necessary to write JavaScript code and have right CSS files. It is an open-source tool that can be customized to a company’s needs.


A mobile notification service. It includes client libraries and sample implementations that allow to send information from developer-run servers to Google Android OS apps, Google Chrome extensions or applications. GCM uses Google’s APIs and SDKs.


A computational field of study concerned with systems that visualize spatial or geographical data. They are designed to capture, analyze, manipulate, manage and store this data. GIS tools allow users to manipulate and analyze the data, and also to create their own searches.

Google Maps

A web mapping service created by Google. It gives an access to satellite imagery, street maps, panoramic views of streets and makes route planning for traveling by different means of transport. It also allows users to tag place they intend to or have already visited, get information about a place and share opinions about it.

Google Play Market

An app store for Android users. It allows to download and update apps, buy books, rent music and movies. If you are logged into your Google account, every action in Google Play on your desktop or laptop will be later synchronized with your mobile device.

Graphical Design

A field of study concerning different visualisation techniques. These techniques involve communicating something to other people or solving a problem using different media (tools). Graphic design could be anything from road signs to website elements, and has a vast application in all areas, as well as in IT.


The physical components that make up a computer system or other telecommunication devices, while software is instructions that can be stored and run by hardware.


An open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies. Aims to create a blockchain specifically for the enterprise community. It is not affiliated with any cryptocurrency and does not transact any cryptocurrencies.


Short for Integrated Development Environment. A software suite that combines the basic developer tools for writing and testing software. Most IDEs include a code editor, a compiler and/or interpreter, build automation tools and a debugger.


A software and consulting corporation in India. It provides technology and outsourcing services, consulting, application development, business process management. The company offers help with business insights and integrating new technology, among other services.

Internet Explorer

A free web browser for PCs and mobile devices. Internet Explorer (IE) comes installed with mostly every Windows package, hence it is also one of the most widely used web browsers.


Short for Internet of Things. The concept of connecting any device with an on and off switch to the Internet (and/or to each other). These may be anything from mobile devices and headphones to washing machines or coffee makers.


Stands for Internet Protocol. IP is a set of rules that regulates how data is transmitted over a network and how machines interact and send data packets, also called IP Packets, through this network. The main function of IP is Routing, which is the very process of transmitting IP Packets through a network. IP is the main communications protocol that basically establishes the Internet.


Stands for International Society for Engineers and Researchers. An organization founded to promote international education in Engineering, Technology and Science. It arranges different types of events for institutions worldwide to encourage cooperation. ISER also provides schooling for young researchers and authors.


Stands for International Software Testing Qualifications Board. It is a non-profit organization which provides internationally accepted software online-testing certification. It’s work is based on volunteer testing experts from around the world.


Stands for IT Operations Management. It is an administrative unit in an organization which involves individual requirements and technology infrastructure of apps, networks, services, storage, and connectivity elements, i.e., everything that is administered by the IT department. There is specific software that facilitates ITOM.


Stands for "Keep It Stupid Simple" or “Keep It Simple, Stupid”. A principle in software engineering for reminding people and companies to keep their information and products simple - most of the time simple systems work better than complex ones.

Legacy Codebase

Source code inherited from an older version of software (e.g., an operating system) or other outdated technology. At first the term was used for the code that is maintained by someone who did not write it. Another definition is that it is any code inherited from internal or external source.

Machine Learning

A field of study which explore that capability of a computer to learn, akin to a human brain. It also studies the construction of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data. Basically, it’s intention is to teach a computer how to learn at its own volition, and not because it has been programmed to.


An email marketing platform, which helps to send bulk emails to customers and clients. It allows eCommerce integrations and offers tools for email marketing campaigns, social media advertising, as well as marketing automation.

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