Front-end Technologies


CSS authoring framework that makes your stylesheets and markup easier to build and maintain. With Compass, you write your stylesheets in Sass instead of plain CSS.


A simple, lightweight, base layer to the client-side JavaScript app. Allows to create apps that have multiple working extensions that all interact with each other without ever actually knowing about one another.


A stylesheet language that is used for presentation and formatting content on the web-pages, including font, size, color, spacing, border and location of HTML information. 

CSS Modules

CSS file in which all class names and animation names are scoped locally by default. The classes are dynamically generated, unique, and mapped to the correct styles.

CSS Preprocessor

A program that generates CSS from the preprocessor's own unique syntax. Helps write maintainable, future-proof code and seriously reduces the amount of CSS you have to write.


CSS2, CSS3, Bootstrap, CompassLESSSass, YAML, Zurb.


A developer-focused tool that helps developers write tests for the web. It can test anything that runs in a browser.


Vector graphics library for JavaScript, featuring animation, interactivity, and DOM manipulation. D3 is Data-Driven Documents, and it binds data to the SVG to create animated and interactive visualizations.


A set of technologies used to make webpages more interactive. DHTML is basically using  JavaScript and style sheets in an HTML page and creates a page with HTML, CSSDOM and Scripts. Requires processing from browser which changes its look and feel.


A JavaScript toolkit that provides everything needed to build a web app (language utilities, UI components, etc.).


An application programming interface (API) for HTML and XML documents. It defines the logical structure of documents and the way a document is accessed and manipulated. With the Document Object Model, developers can create and build documents, navigate their structure, and add, modify, or delete elements and content.


A JavaScript templating engine designed to provide a clean separation between presentation and logic without sacrificing ease of use. It is particularly well-suited for asynchronous and streaming applications.


ECMAScript (or ES) is a client-side scripting language specification that is the basis of several programming languages including JavaScript, ActionScript, and JScript. It specifies the core features that a scripting language should provide and how those features should be implemented.


An open-source framework for creating native applications with web-technologies like JavaScriptCSS & HTML. It is based on Node.js and Chromium and is used by the Atom editor and many other apps. Focused on desktop cross-platform development.


A client-side JavaScript framework designed for building single page web-applications. Follows the MVC paradigm that helps organize front-end code in a way that supports extensibility, modularity, and readability.


An open source JavaScript linting utility that enables developers to discover problems with their JavaScript code without executing it. ESLint is written using Node.js to provide a fast runtime environment.


A powerful JavaScript MVC/MVVM framework that allows to create data-intensive HTML5 applications using JavaScript with unparalleled cross-browser compatibility. It includes built-in themes and UI components out of the box which minimize development time and increases the productivity.


A one-dimensional CSS layout model that offers a more flexible and responsive a webpage design. Flexbox consists of several elements and properties for distributing and aligning items within the layout. It also supports a range of writing modes and properties for flexbox items.


Architecture that Facebook uses internally when working with React. Takes care of M in MVC, where all models are event driven. It means that the developer don't ask for the data, the model is going to tell when the data is ready; different application components can listen to this change and react accordingly.


A family of responsive front-end frameworks that make it easy to design beautiful responsive websites, apps and emails that look amazing on any device. Foundation is semantic, readable, flexible, and completely customizable.


Front-end is a term that involves the building of webpages and user interfaces for web-applications. It implements the structure, design, behavior, and animation of everything you see on the screen when you open up websites, web applications, or mobile apps. The core 3 technologies that all modern front-end web developers work to master are HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript.


A query language designed to build client applications by providing an intuitive and flexible syntax and system for describing their data requirements and interactions.


A task-based command line build tool for JavaScript projects written on top of Node.js. It’s available as a package via the Node package manager (npm). Used to automatically perform frequent tasks such as minification, compilation, unit testing, and linting.


GreenSock Animation Platform (GSAP) is a suite of tools for scripted, high-performance HTML5 animations in all major browsers. 


JavaScript task runner that automates tasks such as bundling and minifying libraries and stylesheets, quickly running unit tests, running code analysis, Less/Sass to CSS compilation, copying modified files to an output directory, etc.

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